Kindergarten Math begins from a base of physical skills and oral language. They must manipulate and play with objects and materials. They must build vocabulary.
Here is a page of numbers to download to give Kinders number symbols to trace from: Number Cards for Kin and one
Vocabulary is critical. Build Vocabulary by describing objects then use that vocabulary in sorting and patterning tasks.
Attributes are the characteristics of things. A quadrilateral has 4 sides, a triangle has 3 sides therefore 3 corners and 3 angles. A shoe might have laces and flat bottoms. An all sort candy might be round and pebbly. The card you see with 5 on it might be made up of 3 + 2, 4 + 1, 2 + 2 + 1. Yes, numbers have attributes.
The Kindergarten year at a glance below has some vocabulary listed. This is vocabulary I suggest is critical to future mathematics. Much of it is positional and orientational language like right, left. Use it often. You are not teaching reading and spelling, you are teaching word acquisition. Students are learning new language. Link it to objects to make it meaningful.
Two ways to build attribute lists. Give everyone an object to hold and have students give you describing words (often they do not have the words so it becomes tedious and time consuming) so instead you introduce several words and encourage students to apply them.
Here are my two cards. Can you use the word horizontal to describe one or both? Show me.
Can you use the word right to describe one or both cards? As you introduce words put them on cards and post them for students to see and discuss. Focus on beginning and ending sounds to build recognition skill.
I have not had time to add much direction but hopefully will give you some ideas. Example shoes: laces, pull tabs (back of shoe to pull on), buckles, Velcro, straps, heels, flat bottom(completely smooth like a flip,flop), sparkles on, pictures or logos on, open toe.
If you control the vocabulary you get fewer surprises to deal with. Decide if you want to build math vocabulary or just build vocabulary. Then use it to create sorts and pattern cores.
Do not ignore colour words but if you sort by colour your students will not really learn sorting.What words emerge with All Sorts: round, bumpy, rough, smooth, shiny, layered, striped, filled, centers, roll, circle or circular, like a prism, rectangular, curled up.
Choose one word and fill a set with them. The set can be a hula hoop or a circle of string on the floor. Name the set with an attribute card.
Our first sort was black centres. Now I see some are also pink so that could be a set that comes out from the black centres.
Build vocabulary of attributes and use it to create pattern cores. We took 3 popsicle sticks and learned the vocabulary of vertical and horizontal. These attributes are specific to the orientation of the material you are using. It is vertical to my body or to the page on which the core is sitting.
The vocabulary on my year at a glance can help be a starting point.
Use pocket charts to make the vocabulary portable. Refer to it daily. Use it to build language lessons. Sounds, blends, rhyming words.
Ask me about my pattern core cards for building math vocabulary and sorting and patterning. I have specific decks.
The Kindergarten Diagnostic :
Just a reminder: These slides are a work in progress. I am not sure we are complete but my goal is to prompt deeper conversations about what matters. I have linked to outcomes in the notes section of the slides. If you find errors or have questions let me know. As we work with it this year I will update you. I would never use it in powerpoint form with Kinders. This form is simply to show you the items.
Year at a Glance
This two pager is about putting together the big ideas in Kindergarten. Red are actual outcomes in current document. Blue is what needs to happen in order to be successful in learning.
Download version Kin glance 2018 2Update August 21
I introduce only 2 and 3 before Christmas and we use them constantly. ChunkitZ, bags of stuff to sort, push 2 and 3, circle 2 and 3.
Reasoning Matters Most of All
Download a starter set. WDB the Kindergarten version 2018
Please do not share with others. People may order a complete set from me.
The WDB cards are not about right answers. They are about building vocabulary. They are about stick to the question. Explain which one does not belong, answer the question. (sort by one attribute) I asked which one does not belong. I did not ask which two go together. Here are some in a power point My colour ppt for WDB 2018
Start by describing the things in the circles or sets to review and build vocabulary. The objects might be similar in shape, in arrangement, in amount (equal)
Focus on more, less, equal, 3 sides, 4 sides (to describe shapes). Students will say triangle, rectangle but you help them attend to number of sides. Quadrilateral describes any 4 sided shape.
Use the vocabulary you have built together to find reasons to say one of the sets does not belong. More, less, not equal, different shapes etc.
See the Grade 1 page for more.
Trust and Conserve: EQUAL
Build 2 and 3 Cards
Compare cards, build vocabulary. The powerpoint under these pictures runs you through this task.
This powerpoint will talk you through the task above for building 2 and 3 dot cards.
Once you have the cards built start looking for 2 and 3. Build TRUST.
Trace your hand. Use your chips to practice pushing 2 and pushing 3 to fingers.
Push 2 Push 3 Cards
The push 2 and 3 deck is 14 pages so 28 cards.
Email me to order: $15
Use the Push 2 and 3 cards. Push chips and coins. Circle with dry erase. Practice over and over and over.
Bead Match Cards
Here’s a powerpoint that will support you in thinking through how to introduce the Chunk pieces for 2 and 3. 2# Introduce ChunkitZ 2, 3
Once they are introduced, puzzle and trace with 2s and 3s. Put them together and trace the puzzle. I attached some puzzles but be careful, the photocopier often shrinks images .Two and three puzzles
This is the tracing and writing of a Kindergarten student after several days of practice. It is still a slow go.
Find 2, 3 and 5 in collections.
Back to Equal
Build equalities. Use the subitizable units first. I hold 2, you hold 2. They are equal. Replace the collections with the numerals. Read the equations. Two equals two.
Three equals three. Five equals five. See the diagnostic for examples of working with equal.
These are all ways to make this card equal. And there are more. What is important is that you label how many, then decide is it equal? Then decide what you will do if it is not.
The labels should replace the “stuff”.
The equal decks come as “stuff” and as dots. Order them through me.
The decks are $12 each.